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    History of Nepali Congress In Nepal

    The Nepali Congress, which led from the Rana regime to the end of the monarchy, is synonymous with Nepal’s political and social transformation. If the Congress, which has a history of 70 years of struggle, is left out, the study and understanding of Nepal’s political and social change is incomplete.

    Congress leader Purushottam Basnet has written a book on the history of the Nepali Congress.


    In 1962, war broke out between two neighboring countries, China and India. The then Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs of China, Marcel Chen Yi, said that if BP Koirala had not been imprisoned, China and The book also states that there will be no war between India. The book states, “BP was deposed and taken prisoner. There was no mediation between China and India. So the war could not end. ‘


    The book published by Jananayaka BP Koirala Trust has 28 sections. The book covers many political events connected with the history of the Congress. What did King Mahendra do to prevent the democratic process from moving forward? How did the king overthrow the popularly elected BP Koirala government and start direct rule?

    And, after the end of Rana, Panchayat and monarchy, is Nepal’s democracy now free from danger? If there is still danger, from whom? Is the democratic system of governance of Nepal, which could not be institutionalized by BP Koirala, possible with the present leadership? The book is based on these questions.

    Yesterday, the dignity of the Congress was different. Even when people got party membership, they felt proud. The book shows how it connected itself far and wide after the end of the Rana rule.

    A living organization has its own values, rules and regulations, and there are ups and downs. Shortly after the establishment of democracy, there were many ups and downs in the internal organization of the Congress. Due to internal disputes, factions and sub-factions appeared on the surface. Betraying the party, some leaders sided with the king. In this, who, how, betrayed the Congress and the democratic system? This is mentioned in the book.

    The then King Tribhuvan, who fled the throne in October 2007, was restored with the establishment of democracy. Then King Tribhuvan set out to weaken democracy rather than institutionalize it. The king, who was restored on the strength of the people’s revolution, could not crush the sacrifices of the Congress and the people ungratefully, but started making various excuses to write the constitution from the Constituent Assembly as per his pre-commitment.

    Realizing that the constitution to be issued by the Constituent Assembly would further curtail his rights, the king began to play within the Congress to weaken it. Although he took two steps forward and one step back, he maintained the dignity of the constitutional monarchy. However, Tribhuvan passed away on March 22, 2011. Prince Mahendra came under the responsibility of the king.


    Mahendra, who has been making himself autocratic since coming to power, formed a courtesy board on April 22 to understand the situation in the district. It can be understood from the book that the active monarchy exercise started in Nepal as soon as he formed the district by forming nine teams. ‘Although the king said that he had sent a delegation to understand the plight of the people, his main objective was to understand the activities of the political parties, their strength and the people’s trust in them, ‘the book states.

    Mahendra’s aim seems to be to spread negative sentiments about the party among the people as much as possible and to propagate that the country develops only when the king is active and the people get benefits. Analyzing this as the first autocratic step of the king, the Congress protested.

    However, in the four years since the establishment of democracy, instead of the visible change in the lives of the people, quarrels within the party have strengthened the king’s move. The king did not stop even in the face of opposition from the Congress.


    On August 26, 2012, the king took the second step, manipulating many others except the grand governor of Gadhi-Gowda and Goshwara. He also appointed 18 new members. Earlier, the king had formed a five-member royal advisory committee on April 22, 2012. Congress president BP had remarked that it was a great misfortune for the country, the people and democracy.


    ‘If the king continues to be directly involved in the day-to-day administration, mistakes can be made and disputes can arise. The king should be ready to bear the criticism of all of them and the responsibility also goes to the king, ‘the book states.


    Leader Suvarnashamsher said that the king’s move was a sad thing for the democrats He said that the undemocratic move had created a situation where the monarchy had to face direct opposition from the people.


    Not only was there opposition from various quarters to the king’s preparations for direct rule, but the court was pressured to announce an immediate election date. To counter this, the court was ready to announce the date of the election. On 24 July 2014, the king announced the date of the election, which was scheduled for 22 September.


    BP protested that the election, which could be held within six months, was postponed for two years. He further added that the instability will continue to increase until the immediate formation of a cabinet and holding elections.


    The king again started discussions with the parties with a seven-point proposal. However, BP, Randhir Subba, Tanka Prasad Acharya, Dillerman Regmi did not participate in the discussion by writing different answers to the king.


    On 12 January 2012, the Congress issued its first manifesto, In which it has been stated that after the revolution, Maharajadhikar did not use his power in favor of democracy and progress but tried to accumulate power through various servants and brokers.

    The book states that the king is trying to encourage the reactionaries by trampling on the progress. This is in stark contrast to the principles of social justice and equality. “


    “Even those who are most supportive of the monarchy cannot present a factual argument as to its usefulness,” BP said. This book, written by Basnet, has made it easier to understand BP Koirala at a time when everyone is interpreting him as a monarchist or a republican in his own way.

    Despite being a rival party, BP had repeatedly pressured the government to lift the ban on the Communist Party. It reflects BP’s liberal political consciousness. In the book, BP says, “Political parties are the mainstay of democracy. Working openly for political parties, their programs, There should be freedom to propagate policies and principles and to go before the people. It is a democratic decision of the government to lift the ban on the Communist Party of Nepal.

    The government banned the Communist Party of Nepal (Nepal) on January 26, 2008 for aiding and abetting the Raksha Dal insurgency.

    BP, who advocates an independent judiciary and the rule of law, believed that the courts would not make mistakes. Despite the King’s direct interference in the courts, the Prime Minister, contrary to the provisions of the Interim Constitution, He had gone to court after it was decided that the Constituent Assembly or the general election would be held.


    BP himself argued but on July 3, the full bench of the apex court rejected BP’s writ petition. This shows how much faith and trust the Congress leaders, including BP, had in the rule of law and its affiliates.

    The then Prime Minister Tanka Prasad Acharya had mentioned that even though the government was trying to hold the election on the scheduled date from Birgunj on June 9, 2013, the election has not been decided yet.


    Even though the king announced the election, the Congress started a civil disobedience movement in 2014 BS. Movement started all over the country, leaders reached different places. After failing to resist the pressure of the disobedience movement, the king announced that the first general election would begin on February 22, 2015 through a royal proclamation.

    In a proclamation on January 6, King Mahendra said that a commission would be formed to draft the new constitution and general elections for the parliament would be held on that basis.

    After that, a meeting of the General Committee of the Nepali Congress was held. BP said, “Our responsibility now is to protect democratic rights. If we succeed in creating the conditions for holding elections on the announced date, we will be able to protect democracy. Defending democracy is our main duty. ‘

    However, the book does not clearly state why the Congress, which is in favor of the CA election, is ready to accept the general election.

    The parties started preparing for the general election but Durbar became active in preventing the election from taking place. Individuals and organizations including General Assembly Chairman Ranganath Sharma, Nepal Karmavir Mandal Chairman Yogi Narharinath became active.

    However, after the election, the Congress won a two-thirds majority. Although BP was elected as the leader of the Congress parliamentary party, King Mahendra tried various tricks to stop him from becoming the Prime Minister but was not successful. BP was elected as the Prime Minister on April 7, 2016. Just two weeks after BP was sworn in, Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru visited Nepal. But now the opposite is happening.

    The people’s elected government started working. The king, who was moving ahead of the government by taking some steps in the public interest, was not satisfied.

    It was natural for King Mahendra to be afraid and jealous of BP’s growing influence inside and outside the country. Wherever BP went, he was highly respected. That widened the gap between the king and the prime minister. BP was active in reducing that. Both reached Pokhara on the same plane on December 10, 2016. But that did not last long.


    BP’s confidant Tulsi Giri became an ally to take the step on January 22, 2017. Giri became active in inciting the king to take action against the Congress and to take action against democracy. After that, the Congress asked various leaders, including Giri, for clarification. Some were executed, including Giri, who resigned from the government.


    BP is not unaware that King Mahendra is preparing for direct rule by attacking the elected government. He had inaugurated the conference of the All India Nepal Students’ Union on November 29, 2017.

    King Mahendra overthrew the people’s elected government on January 22 and started direct rule. It took 30 years to restore the rule that had fallen into the hands of the king. However, the book does not say why BP could not stop the king’s move or what he did.

    In 1962, war broke out between two neighboring countries, China and India. The book quotes then-Chinese Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Marcel Chen Yi as saying that if BP Koirala had not been imprisoned, there would have been no war between China and India.

    The book states, “BP was deposed and taken prisoner. There was no mediation between China and India. So the war could not end. ‘

    Presenting facts and figures in a way that gives the impression of being involved in every event of the book does not mean that it is complete. What was the development order and understanding of the society? Why there was conflict between Raja and BP. What was the role of other political parties then? This topic has not been given special priority in the book. Similarly, the author looks at the internal strife within the Congress and its impact

    Book: ‘Nepali Congress History Draft Part-2’

    Pages: 686

    Price : 1 thousand

    Publisher : Jananayaka BP Koirala Trust

    Language: English

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