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    Problems in society and their solutions Full summary

    When our compassion and respect is being eroded socially, launching such a campaign across the country through the initiative and efforts of an organization has really become another important dimension of human and social transformation.

    Citizens are forced to live a miserable life due to lack of food, shelter and shelter. Especially around the religious and tourist areas, people are found begging for such assistance. Some will be poor, some will be physically disabled, some will be forced to live, some will lose their mental balance and some will be addicted to drugs and have been living on the road as a shelter. Managing those addicted and losing their mental balance is difficult and challenging, but despite the challenges, the campaign that has been launched has ushered in a new era in human sensitivity and building a civilized society.

    Humanitarian sensitivities are weakening in the name of foreign employment and modernization. Due to foreign employment, young children look helpless when their parents go abroad. Older parents seem to be frustrated when young children go abroad. While the society is being built in this way, other humanitarian problems have started appearing in the society as alarming and painful.

    Effective management of these three types of citizens is imperative: poor and parentless children, homeless disabled elderly and drug addicted youth. If there is willpower, it seems easy to solve such problems of the society through the cooperation of the government and social organizations. Since many Nepali citizens and business associations and social organizations in the country and abroad have been providing various kinds of financial support to such problems, it seems that there will be no financial problem.
    What can be done to reduce and solve such problems in the society? Let’s think about that.

    1. Baba Balgram

    Children who are not with their parents, who are addicted to their parents, are now more visible in the society. It is the government’s and social responsibility to manage their children’s rights and livelihoods. Such children are being protected from various children’s ashrams, but the situation inside some children’s ashrams has also been heard outside. There are incidents of financial opacity, child exploitation, child labor and child sexual abuse within the ashram. In order to prevent these and similar incidents and for easy management, all the children’s ashrams can be integrated and one place in the same area can be developed as a children’s village. If the government can develop these children’s ashrams from the concept of Balgram by determining the necessary land and policy, it will be easy and effective to manage for the rights and interests of the children without parents.

    2. Manavaseva Ashram

    The efforts and campaign launched by Manavaseva Ashram Chitwan will be effective for the management of the disabled and homeless people who have been living a miserable life on the streets.

    Other welfare organizations are also active for the rescue and shelter of street human beings. The government should make a special contribution by providing a large tract of land by creating a concept of a large ashram by including all of them within the same frame.

    3. New life center

    Addiction and drug addiction is becoming a huge problem for children from the age of 12-13 years. Children and youths from poor families to rich families are becoming victims of addiction and drug addiction. The rich spend millions to live in rehabilitation centers, but when they get out, they come in the company of the same poor drug addicted youth and get addicted again. Such a center should be run by the security agencies, the government and the citizens for the street children of all classes and the youths who are addicted to drugs.



    This center requires a large area of land where sports, agriculture and small scale industries can be run. Such a center can be run by the labor of the youth who are addicted. The center can be operated in such a way that the production within the center helps in managing the expenses of the center. For this, the organization established for the street children in collaboration with the people and the police can be promoted in a particularly effective manner.

    It is necessary for the government, citizens, social organizations and business organizations to work hand in hand selflessly for the solution of such humanitarian problems of the society and for building a social and humane civilized society.

    The challenge
    Due to the significant decline in mortality, fertility rate and population growth rate even during low economic growth, Nepal’s demographic experience has been excellent. In this context, before the country’s population becomes an ‘old society’, there is now a limited opportunity in Nepal to invest in current children to reap the demographic benefits. It is important to invest in children to produce healthy and energetic manpower that can contribute to society and the economy. Since this type of demographic benefit is only available for a limited period of time, it is important to invest in children immediately.

    Nepal is in a very sensitive stage of its development as significant demographic changes have taken place at a time when it is moving towards a federal structure. Over the past decades, Nepal’s mortality rate and fertility rate have declined sharply, while life expectancy has increased. The children of today will grow up and join the manpower of the future, which will create a conducive environment in Nepal to achieve the development goals.

    No matter what the circumstances and environment, every child should have equal opportunities in life, but due to child poverty, many children are deprived of opportunities to build a bright future. Over the past decades, Nepal has made sustainable reductions in poverty, however children suffer from poverty and deprivation due to factors beyond its control such as poverty, gender, geographical location or ethnic background.

    It is important for children to invest in their early years in order to be able to develop to their full potential and contribute to society and the economy. According to the findings from international research, investing in children’s health, education and social protection is of great importance in giving the needy children the opportunity to improve their own, family and community’s future.

    In the ongoing process of decentralization, it is important to ensure that basic services and resources are available to at-risk children and their families. Only then can the country’s goal of achieving inclusive and sustainable development for all children be achieved.

    Due to the significant decline in mortality, fertility rate and population growth rate even during low economic growth, Nepal’s demographic experience has been excellent. In this context, before the country’s population becomes an ‘old society’, there is now a limited opportunity in Nepal to invest in current children to reap the demographic benefits. It is important to invest in children to produce healthy and energetic manpower that can contribute to society and the economy. Since this type of demographic benefit is only available for a limited period of time, it is important to invest in children immediately.

    Nepal is in a very sensitive stage of its development as significant demographic changes have taken place at a time when it is moving towards a federal structure. Over the past decades, Nepal’s mortality rate and fertility rate have declined sharply, while life expectancy has increased. The children of today will grow up and join the manpower of the future, which will create a conducive environment in Nepal to achieve the development goals. No matter what the circumstances and environment, every child should have equal opportunities in life, but due to child poverty, many children are deprived of opportunities to build a bright future. Over the past decades, Nepal has made sustainable reductions in poverty, however children suffer from poverty and deprivation due to factors beyond its control such as poverty, gender, geographical location or ethnic background.

    It is important for children to invest in their early years in order to be able to develop to their full potential and contribute to society and the economy. According to the findings from international research, investing in children’s health, education and social protection is of great importance in giving the needy children the opportunity to improve their own, family and community’s future.

    In the ongoing process of decentralization, it is important to ensure that basic services and resources are available to at-risk children and their families. Only then can the country’s goal of achieving inclusive and sustainable development for all children be achieved.

    The solution
    Assistance in strengthening the national protection system for children and their families by 2022 and compiling quality data on the condition of children.
    UNICEF’s Social Policy, Assessment and Evidence Branch helps provide equal opportunities for children in federal Nepal. Gathering accurate data, research and knowledge about children, as well as information on inequalities in society, is a step towards ensuring the protection of children’s rights and the necessary investment in the federal structure. The branch will continue to assist in gathering information from household research such as multidimensional surveys (mix) and in compiling and analyzing factual and multidimensional information on child poverty.

    • To help strengthen Nepal’s social protection system in both development and humanitarian assistance.
    • To provide technical assistance to expand the child grant program under the federal structure until it reaches all the children below the age of five.
    • Improving the registration and distribution process, collecting up-to-date information of beneficiaries through the use of mobile phones, and improving the implementation of child grants through birth-registration, inter-regional linkages between health and nutrition services, etc.
    • Assist the Central Statistics Department in compiling detailed information on the real situation of women and children through programs such as multidisciplinary surveys.
    • To promote data collection and analysis of multidimensional child poverty at national and other levels including economic and multidimensional poverty.
    • To analyze new development issues, such as federalism, economic sector, and investment required to deliver equal and quality services from a federal perspective.

    At last the problem of social and the sociaty and prevention

    Question about social problem and society :
    1) What is meant by social problem?
    Answer: – Bad activities that hinder the development or progress of the community are called social problems.

    2) Prepare a slogan to raise public awareness against social problems in Nepal.
    Answer: Let’s end untouchability, protect humanity and boycott those who are guilty of buying and selling human organs.

    3) Where was the Scout established and how many members did it have in the beginning?

    Ans: Scout was established in 1907 in London, UK by 20 members.

    4) When was the end of untouchability announced?

    Ans: – Announcement of end of untouchability practice. It was done in the year 2020.

    5) What kind of person does SOS help?

    Answer: – S. O. S provides orphaned and homeless children in schools for education with love, affection and protection in the home environment.

    6) The Red Cross has been assisting in various fields. What is one of its main tasks?

    Ans: The main work of Red Cross is eye camp operation / blood transfusion service operation / first aid.

    7) Write any four social problems prevalent in Nepali society.

    Answer: – In Nepali society, there are evil practices like dowry, veil, chaupadi, deuki jhuma.

    8) What is domestic violence?

    Ans: – Negative behavior, pressure, beating etc. on the family members regarding the issues of behavior, speech, dignity, rights, rights and access etc. is called domestic violence.

    9) What is Deuki practice?

    Ans: – In case of leprosy, having a son or to fulfill one’s own desires, buying one’s own daughter or daughter from a poor family and offering it in the temple is called deuki practice.



    1) The International Labor Organization in Nepal is working to end child labor, but it has also been found that children are working in factories and in the homes of individuals. What should be done to end child labor? Mention in four verses.

    Answer: – The following action should be taken to eliminate child labor

    Poverty alleviation programs could not be implemented in the country
    Even if anti-child labor laws are enacted, the government will not be able to put them into practice.
    In order to keep child labor in the society, primary public awareness should be increased.
    Putting child labor in factories should be stopped. Certificate of working age should be made mandatory
    The government has not been able to expand the schools for such children.


    2) Present the measures to be taken to prevent the trafficking of human organs.

    Answer: – Measures to be taken to prevent human organ trafficking

    The government should focus on expanding compulsory and free education
    Employment opportunities should be increased by emphasizing on technical education and ship-based training
    The perpetrators of human organ trafficking should be sentenced to life imprisonment.
    For the treatment of sick people who go to neighboring countries, they have to be very careful.
    We need to increase investment in agriculture and tourism and alleviate poverty
    Public awareness should be spread about the impact of human trafficking and its prevention.


    3) Take and give dowry is a social crime. Confirm this habit.

    Answer: Taking and giving dowry is a social crime.

    During the marriage, the bridegroom’s party voluntarily or compulsorily pays the bridegroom’s dowry; That is called Dowry Prath.

    The family finds it difficult to marry their daughter Cheli
    As the importance of the son increases in the society, a situation of gender discrimination arises.
    Some married women are forced to die because they cannot bear domestic violence
    Due to the dowry practice, incidents of family discord, stress and divorce are increasing.
    The wife and son-in-law, who cannot bring enough dowry, are forced to become victims at home.
    It calls into question fundamental and human rights.
    It also hinders social cohesion and development


    4) Mention the reasons for establishing the Red Cross

    Ans: Reasons for establishing Red Cross

    The Red Cross was founded in 1863 in Geneva, Switzerland. Its founder is Henry Duna. He once went to Italy for a holiday. There he had the opportunity to witness the Crimean War first-hand. Hundreds of people were killed in the war. Blood was flowing from the bodies of the wounded soldiers. No one was interested in their treatment. The suffering of the war-torn people was another painful scene for him. Returning home, he gathered representatives from 16 countries and gave birth to an organization called the Red Cross.

    Providing first aid for the wounded in war or natural disasters,
    To operate blood donation service
    An organization called Red Cross has been established with the objective of providing community meeting place services
    Immediate provision of food, medicine and shelter to the people suffering from various causes.


    5) What is good in people? What’s wrong What measures should be taken to make them think towards that? Write down the measures.

    Ans: The following measures should be taken to teach man the good and the bad:

    Discuss with all family members
    Remind and correct children for wrongdoing
    To fulfill the desire of children
    Inspecting children’s activities and giving them a good post
    To teach social values and social norms and ideals to the younger ones
    Children despondent was born on the day


    6) What are the social evils in our country? What steps should be taken to eliminate bad practices? Write in the discussion.

    Answer: – The main evil practices in our country are as follows

    •untouchability
    •Dowry practice
    •nomadic practice
    •Deuki pratha
    The following steps should be taken to eliminate these problems:

    Public awareness should be raised against evil practices.
    Everyone should be educated
    You have to live in harmony in your community.
    Humanitarian discrimination must end
    7) Why is human trafficking on the rise in our society? Especially.

    Answer: The reason for the increase in human trafficking

    •To do housework
    •To exploit labor
    •To sell human organs
    •To engage in prostitution
    •To work in a circus
    •To engage in the act of begging

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