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    Why lightning strikes, what are the precautions to be taken immediately when lightning strikes?

    KATHMANDU NEPAL:

    What is lightning ?

    : Lightning is a type of electric current that falls from the sky to the ground during bad weather . When a strong wind blows from the opposite direction in the atmosphere during a hurricane season or rainy season, an electric wave of higher volts with a loud sound is generated and travels in a special way, this is called lightning. This is a sudden electrical explosion. It emits electric waves from clouds to clouds and from there to the earth.

    What to do and what not to do In case/ during of lightning | Sprasa Media

    This is a completely natural danger. Normally, the sound of lightning cannot be heard more than 20 kilometers away. As an exception, there is a record of hearing up to 60 kilometers. Lightning without sound is called “hot lightning”. All lightning produces an electric wave. So all lightning strikes are dangerous. It cannot be predicted. It ‘s rainingIt can be more than 15 kilometers from the place. Therefore, the risk of damage caused by lightning can be reduced by adopting it and preparing for it.

    चट्याङ भनेको के हो ? ,कसरी बच्ने , उपायहरु के छन् त ?

    We have been hearing many myths about lightning. For example, lightning always falls on the tallest object or lightning never falls in one place. But, both of these things are not true.

    When lightning strikes, it carries a powerful electric wave from the sky to the earth, so it is called lightning. We’re going to give you some information you need to know about this dramatic weather event.

    How do lightning and thunder occur?
    : Lightning is a type of electric current that appears in the atmosphere. It flows from the sky to the surface of the earth.

    When the atmosphere becomes unstable and black thick cumulonimbus clouds form in the sky. In this case, the hot air on the surface of the ground rises and hits the cold air above, then lightning strikes.

    When lightning strikes, a large amount of electrical energy is emitted and it comes to the surface of the earth through the clouds. Similarly, when the electrical energy generated by lightning is heated quickly, it thunders loudly.

    When lightning strikes, a stream of electricity flows from the sky to the surface of the earth. It can even kill a person or an animal if it affects them.

    How dangerous is this?
    :Lightning strikes can even kill a person. Lightning strikes 20,000 to 30,000 amperes of electrical current. This is 2300 times more than the electricity you need when you use a washing machine.

    Lightning reaches temperatures in excess of 30,000 degrees Celsius, which means it is even hotter than the surface of the sun. And, lightning can travel 75 miles per second in the air.

    Many out-of-home people are at risk. Such as: farmers, pedestrians, outsiders and various players.

    Most lightning strikes occur when there are strong winds and clouds, and about 20 percent of lightning strikes the ground from the sky.

    You do not want to be frustrated if you cannot get the right pitch so invest in a good capo. Lightning strikes anywhere near you can put you at risk. This is because it can emit a very large amount of electricity around you. Lightning can strike you and turn you away.

    How far is the lightning?

    Many people think that they are safe thinking that the lightning is far away and that is why they may get hit by the lightning.

    One thing you need to remember about this is how far the lightning is. You can find out by counting the time between lightning and thunder.

    In general, every three seconds is equal to one kilometer. So if you count nine seconds, the lightning is 3 kilometers away.

    So within 30 seconds of lightning and thunder, you should be able to get anywhere.

    What to do before lightning strikes?

    Turn off all electrical appliances, including televisions, and remove the wires. Because when lightning strikes, the power can go up and down and damage your luggage.

    Seek out as soon as possible. When you hear a thunderclap, you have to pour it out.

    Lightning can strike anywhere and you can be around such a place. So lightning can strike up to 10 miles away with lightning.

    What to do after a lightning strike?

    1. If you are indoors, do not use a landline telephone as the landline may have an electric current.

    2. Also, do not use currents made of metal pipes as they may contain electric current.

    3. If there is no heat outside, stay away from metal items and keep electrical items about 20 meters away from you.

    4. Stay away from water as water also carries electricity.

    5. Sit in an open space where there are no trees, poles or other metal objects. Because lightning is more likely to fall on tall objects.

    6. If possible, stay in the car. Lightning strikes the vehicle’s metal and causes earthing through the tires.

    7. If you are near a place where lightning strikes, bend back to the ground. Place your hands on your knees and your head between them. Touch the ground as little as possible, do not lie on the ground.

    8. Stay away from metal objects, especially those that can conduct electricity. For example: golf club, umbrella, motorcycle, bicycle wire etc.

    9. If you experience hair loss, immediately return to the previous position.

    10. Stay away from power lines and loose wires even after lightning strikes.

    What to do if someone is struck by lightning?

    If someone is struck by lightning, their body may be burned. Lightning affects the heart. So check if the lightning person has a heartbeat.

    Report to ambulance or health worker. Before they arrive, make sure you are not exposed to other lightning strikes.

    If their heart has stopped working, use CPR, you will not feel electric shock. Because there is no electric charge in the body.

    The sun’s temperature increases the earth’s surface temperature. That temperature causes water particles to evaporate from the sources of reservoirs on the surface of the earth, such as lakes, lakes, rivers, oceans, and oceans. In this way, the water particles that have risen from the ground evaporation method take the form of clouds.

    Clouds move through the air. When moving in this way, charges are generated by the friction between different clouds. These water particles settle at different levels at different temperatures. When the amount of water in the cloud reaches a sufficient level, the cloud layer becomes thicker, which is called cumulonimbus. This cloud is also called a black cloud because it is so thick that light cannot penetrate through it.

    Wikipedia with sprasa media

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